How would you characterize the additional cash payment and does the benefit to the infant girl justify the method for accomplishing that benefit? Would you go forward with the adoption?

1. Identify reasons a business organization should be concerned about its ethical culture.What key management policies/programs help to determine a strong or weak ethicalculture?
2. Define trust and its importance in a business ethical culture? What happens when trustis lost?
3. Put yourself in the role of the Recall Coordinator for Ford Motor Company in the PintoCase study:(a) Is a cost benefit analysis (define it!) appropriate where human life is part of thecost calculation? Why or why not?(b) How would Milton Friedman (profit/shareholder maximization) view cost benefitanalysis in this situation? How would Ed Freeman (stakeholder) view it? Howabout the Golden Rule, would there be a different result?(c) Where do you draw the ethical line on product safety?
4. In the Pinto case study, as the Recall Coordinator:(a) Identify the ethical dilemmas and ethical conflicts and who are theaffected parties (stakeholders)?(b) What decision would you make? .Which theory would it be based upon – theconsequential (utilitarian) or the deontological (Kant’s Categorical Imperative) andwhat would be the impact of your decision? Be sure to define the theory youwould use.
5. What conditions would have to be present for you to blow the whistle about unethicalconduct you observed at work? How would you go about it by identifying the specificsteps to take and implications (risks) for you?
6. In this case scenario, Green Company–an environmentally sustainable company–hasoffered to hire you as a consultant to design an ethics communication and trainingprogram for all Green Co. employees. Your meetings to date have been ONLY withhead of human resources. As you begin your research, Green’s corporate counselinforms you that you will not be allowed to ask employees about ethical dilemmas thathave occurred at Green. He specifically tells you to get your information from othersources such as press accounts of problems in the industry, or from other organizationswith which you’ve worked. In addition, the head of human resources has told you thatyou’ll not meet the three most senior executives because they’re busy negotiatinga large acquisition. You will have access to other high-level managers who can tell youwhat they think the senior leadership would want.
Based on what you have learned about business ethical cultures, identify the problemspresented in this case. Should you take the job? Why or why not?
7. One way to tell if business decisions are ethical is to put them through an ethics checkby asking three questions: (1) Is it legal? (2) Is it balanced? (3) How will it make mefeel? Apply each of these three questions to the following ethical dilemma: your bestfriend forgot about a term paper due tomorrow, has not researched or written it andasks if he could copy a paper you wrote for another instructor last semester. What isyour decision and why?
8. Ninos and Ninas, Inc. is an adoption agency in Massachusetts that specializes inspeedy adoptions of poor Hispanic-American infants. These poor infants, if notadopted, would end up abandoned on the street or malnourished in orphanages becausetheir mothers cannot afford to care for them. The adoption fee charged by the agency is$15,000. You have been accepted for adoption by the agency with a non-refundabledeposit of $10,000.
Two months later, Carmen, the agency’s director of adoptionservices, informs you that a baby girl is now available. She then givesinstructions to you to place in post office box the final $5,000 of the fee and anadditional $2,500 in cash in a sealed envelope, marking the envelope for “Senior Jose.”Carmen further explains that once the $5,000 adoption fee balance and additional cashpayment are paid, you can come to the agency the next day to pick up your little girl.When you question the additional odd cash payment, Carmen tells you that “SeniorJose ”is an official in the social agency who handles adoptions and it is the way Ninosand Ninas, Inc. has been doing business for 10 years.
How would you characterize the additional cash payment and does the benefit to theinfant girl justify the method for accomplishing that benefit? Would you go forwardwith the adoption? What ethical and/or moral theories would help in your decision?

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