1. The thyroid gland is located near
A) the pharynx
B) the larynx
C) the kidneys
D) the bronchi
E) the falciform ligament
2.) Removal of the thyroid gland could result in removal of the parathyroids also and resulting imbalance of ___________ levels within the body.
3. Endocrine disorders are generally classified as
C) both A & B
4. Which of the following is NOT an endocrine disorder?
A) Diabetes insipidus
B) Addison’s disease
5. In the case of a _____________________ the spinal cord is completely severed.
A) spinal laceration
B) spinal transection
C) spinal compression
D) spinal concussion
E) spinal shock
6.) Ulnar palsy and sciatic compression are both examples of..
A) peripheral neuropathies
B) regional (typically temporary) loss of sensory and motor function
C) both A & B
D) thyroid deficiency
E) cranial nerve damage
7.) A reflex is a rapid, automatic and involuntary motor response restricted to the
A) the spinal cord
B) the sympathetic chain ganglia
C) the cerebrum
D) the medulla oblongata
E) the diencephalon
8.) Most nervous tract decussation occurs in the
E) A & C
9) The relationship between the sensory input from eyes and their perception at the level of the brain is
C) both ipsilateral and contralateral
D) neither ipsilateral or contralateral
10) The _______________ and ______________ connect the ________________ and ________________ of the right and left lobes of the brain.
A) massa intermedia/corpus callosum/diencephalon/cerebrum
B) corpus callosum/diencephalon/cerebrum/massa intermedia
C) diencephalon/massa intermedia/cerebrum/corpus callosum
D) massa intermedia/diencephalon/corpus callosum/cerebrum
E) cerebrum/diencephalon/massa intermedia/corpus callosum
11) Which of the following is true of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)?
A) motor control of skeletal muscle is lost at the disease progresses
B) cognitive processes are compromised as the disease progresses
C) it is common in young children
D) sensory neurons are affected
E) the disease is common
12. Which of the following apply to the ANS?
A) afferent pathways of the ANS originate at visceral receptors
B) efferent pathways of the ANS connect to visceral effectors
C) it is functionally divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
D) there are anatomical differences between the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
E) all of the above apply
14.The movement of CSF around the brain and spinal cord is facilitated by
A) ciliated ependymal cells
B) ciliated astrocytes
C) Schwann cells
D) microglial cells
15.Which of the following are associated with concussions?
A) transient confusion
B) loss of consciousness
C) abnormal mental status
D) some degree of amnesia
E) all of the above
16. Which of the following is not considered a TBI (traumatic brain injury)?
B) epidural hemorrhage
C) subdural hemorrhage
D) painful migraine headache
17. Which of the following accurately describes the basal nuclei?
A) paired masses of gray matter
B) found deep with the cerebral hemispheres
C) embedded within white matter
D) inferior to the floor of each lateral ventricle
E) all of the above are true of the basal nuclei
18. Alzheimer’s disease is associated with
A) progressive memory loss
B) impaired cerebral function
C) impaired memory and forgetfulness
D) a change in personality
E) all of the above
19. Which of the following results from viral inflammation of the facial nerve and is characterized by temporary facial paralysis?
A) Tic Douloureux
B) Bell’s Palsy
C) ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)
D) MS (multiple sclerosis)
E) Addison’s disease
20. Which of the following are associated with disruption of normal autonomic influence (specifically sympathetic) over viscera and other tissues?
A) Raynaud’s syndrome
B) Cushing’s disease
E) Alzheimer’s disease